The National Campaign Plan for El Salvador is a U.S. inspired program which was put into operation in June of 1983 in the departments of San Vicente and Usulutan. It is based on the CORDS sponsored pacification in Vietnam. The success of CORDS sponsored pacification reflected some gains in securing the countryside of RVN, but overall it failed to achieve more important and long range goals. To insure success, an effective counter-insurgency plan should confront and challenge the insurgency on three levels. First, from a programmatic standpoint. Second, it must tackle the insurgents cause. Third, it should deal with the underlying issues of social values and human pride. The study concludes that unless U.S. counterinsurgency planners practice the lessons learned from the Vietnam War, the National Plan stands to fall short of its objective of defeating the Salvadoran insurgency.